GAPPS Glossary

An indicator of a particular disease state, or some other physiological state of an organism.

Building research capacity
An effort to develop individual and institutional capability to perform useful research.

The study of the patterns of human disease, health and behaviors.

The process of fetal development, from conception to birth.

At GAPPS, harmonization refers to standardizing samples, definitions and procedures across widespread collection sites to make it easier to compare findings across studies, facilitate new collaborations and augment collective knowledge to speed discoveries and solutions.

A measure taken to improve health or alter the course of a disease. Evidenced-based interventions are those scientifically proven to work.

Low birth weight
Less than 2,500g (about 5.5 pounds)

Maternal death
When a woman dies while pregnant or within 42 days of the end of a pregnancy from anything related to the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes.

Non-governmental organization

National Institutes of Health

Neonatal period
Begins at birth and ends 28 completed days after birth. Neonate refers to an infant during this time period.

Perinatal period
Begins at 22 completed weeks (154 days) of gestation (when birth weight is normally 500g or about one pound), and ends seven completed days after birth.

A condition in pregnancy signified by high blood pressure and high protein counts in the urine.

Prematurity/preterm birth
A birth at less than 37 completed weeks (less than 259 days) of gestation. Preterm births are also referred to as premature births.

A fetal death in late pregnancy. The point in pregnancy when a miscarriage is considered to be a stillbirth varies from country to country. For international comparison, a stillbirth is defined as a late fetal death occurring after at least 28 weeks gestation, or when a fetus weighs at least 1000g (just over 2 pounds).


Discover how our widely accessible biobank is helping scientists close the knowledge and solution gaps.

GAPPS Projects

Learn how GAPPS research and advocacy efforts are working to prevent preterm birth and stillbirth.

Ways to Help

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